The industrial sector consists of manufacturing, construction, mining, agriculture, and forestry organizations. Energy used by this sector to transport products to market or inputs to the organizations is included in the transportation sector.
Total industrial sector expenditures on energy decreased 4.9 percent to $1,810.0 million from 2019 to 2020. In 2020, the industrial sector spent $853.7 million for electricity, $344.9 million for diesel fuel, $368.1 million for natural gas, $55.3 million for motor gasoline, $88.9 million for asphalt and road oil, $43.4 million for lubricants, $21.2 million for propane, $21.1 million for coal, $12.3 million for other petroleum products (a definition is in the next paragraph), and $0.9 million for wood and waste. Expenditures for residual fuel and kerosene were not reported. There were no direct fuel costs for hydroelectric, geothermal, wind, photovoltaic, or solar thermal energy. The cost for ethanol is not being tracked so there are no expenditures to report.
Other petroleum products included sixteen (16) separate products, all of which were assigned to the industrial sector.
The sixteen products are:
- aviation gasoline blending components;
- crude oil;
- motor gasoline blending components;
- natural gasoline, including isopentane;
- pentanes plus;
- petrochemical feedstocks, naphtha;
- petrochemical feedstocks, other oils;
- petrochemical feedstocks, still gas;
- petroleum coke;
- plant condensate;
- special naphthas;
- still gas;
- unfinished oils;
- unfractionated streams;
- waxes; and
- Miscellaneous products varied from inexpensive (absorption oils similar to kerosene) to very expensive (hydraulic fluids) products. The greater part of the miscellaneous product line consisted of finished petrochemicals, especially the aromatic hydrocarbons: benzene, toluene, and the xylenes.
Nearly all of the money (98 percent) spent in the industrial sector on energy in 2020 went to electricity (47 percent), petroleum products (31 percent), and natural gas (20 percent) expenditures. Coal expenditures were 1.17 percent of the total expenditures. Renewable energy expenditures were 0.05 percent of the industrial sector's energy expenditures; renewable energy expenditures were comprised of wood and waste. The cost for ethanol is not being tracked so there are no expenditures to report. Within the petroleum category, expenditures on diesel fuel comprised 61 percent of the petroleum category, asphalt and road oil expenditures were 16 percent, motor gasoline expenditures were 10 percent, lubricants expenditures were 8 percent, and propane expenditures were 4 percent. Expenditures on each of the rest of the petroleum products were less than 3 percent of the petroleum category.
The expenditures are in nominal dollars to provide a better comparison.