The United States exported 268,000 barrels per day of crude oil in April, the highest level of exports in 15 years according to the Energy Information Administration. Exports have increased sharply since the start of 2013 and have exceeded 200,000 barrels a day in five of the past six months. The increase in crude exports is largely the result of rising U.S. crude production, which was 8.2 million barrels a day in March.
Almost all of the crude oil exported from the United States has been delivered to Canada, and most of the recent increase in crude oil exports has been from the U.S. Gulf Coast (also call Petroleum Administration for Defense District, or PADD, 3). Gulf Coast crude exports averaged 134,000 barrels a day in the first quarter of 2014, a 283 percent increase over 2013's record high of 35,000 barrels a day. In the first quarter of 2014, nearly 75 percent of Gulf Coast exports have left the region from the Houston-Galveston district, in Texas. The remaining barrels were loaded in Port Arthur, Texas and New Orleans, Louisiana.
Exports from the East Coast (known as PADD 1) averaged 30,000 barrels a day in the first quarter of 2014, down slightly from 2013 levels, but up from 9,000 barrels a day in 2012. First-quarter exports from PADD 1 were evenly distributed between the Port of New York and Portland, Maine, which is the starting point of a pipeline that delivers crude to refineries in the Montreal area. Exports of crude from the Midwest (PADD 2) have long been a source of crude for refineries in Sarnia, Ontario.