# Ethanol and Unleaded GasolineAverage Rack Prices

As of December 2019, the rack price of ethanol was \$1.32 versus \$1.82 for unleaded 87–octane gasoline—a difference of 50 cents per gallon. The average ethanol rack price fell four cents from last month's price but was up 24 cents from a year ago. Unleaded 87–octane gasoline's average rack price fell seven cents from last month's price but was 28 cents higher than a year ago. Unleaded 84–octane gasoline's average rack price fell four cents compared to last month's price but was 27 cents higher than a year ago.

In Figure 1, the average annual rack prices for each type of fuel are shown.

In Tables 1 and 2 below Figure 1, average ethanol and unleaded 87–octane gasoline rack prices per gallon, F.O.B. Omaha, are given for each month with an average annual rack price for each year from 1982 to the present. In Table 3, average unleaded 84–octane gasoline rack prices per gallon, F.O.B. Omaha, are given for each month with an average annual rack price for each year from 2015 to the present.

A general rule of thumb: An increase or decrease in the gasoline rack price is a clear indication of the direction of the gasoline price at the pump.

## Fuel Ethanol Average Rack PricesF.O.B. Omaha, Nebraska, 1982 – 2019 Table 1 of 3

### (Price per Gallon)

Fuel/Type
Year
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Annual
Average
Fuel Ethanol
Fuel Ethanol
Fuel/Type
Year
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Annual
Average
2019 \$1.09 \$1.12 \$1.18 \$1.17 \$1.21 \$1.36 \$1.31 \$1.30 \$1.22 \$1.39 \$1.44 \$1.32 \$1.26
2018 \$1.00 \$1.11 \$1.25 \$1.31 \$1.34 \$1.40 \$1.41 \$1.31 \$1.20 \$1.21 \$1.19 \$1.08 \$1.23
2017 \$1.52 \$1.51 \$1.55 \$1.64 \$1.62 \$1.60 \$1.62 \$1.64 \$1.55 \$1.19 \$0.98 \$0.95 \$1.45
2016 \$1.43 \$1.46 \$1.42 \$1.54 \$1.60 \$1.69 \$1.64 \$1.43 \$1.51 \$1.58 \$1.64 \$1.70 \$1.55
2015 \$1.60 \$1.50 \$1.53 \$1.66 \$1.71 \$1.62 \$1.67 \$1.62 \$1.61 \$1.65 \$1.57 \$1.52 \$1.61
2014 \$2.10 \$2.02 \$2.70 \$3.15 \$2.44 \$2.33 \$2.26 \$2.24 \$2.19 \$1.92 \$2.38 \$2.40 \$2.34
2013 \$2.32 \$2.45 \$2.54 \$2.55 \$2.65 \$2.67 \$2.58 \$2.45 \$2.58 \$2.16 \$2.19 \$2.44 \$2.47
2012 \$2.21 \$2.20 \$2.29 \$2.27 \$2.22 \$2.13 \$2.55 \$2.72 \$2.52 \$2.48 \$2.43 \$2.40 \$2.37
2011 \$2.39 \$2.44 \$2.58 \$2.72 \$2.72 \$2.76 \$2.90 \$2.94 \$2.88 \$2.72 \$2.88 \$2.49 \$2.70
2010 \$1.95 \$1.83 \$1.70 \$1.60 \$1.68 \$1.64 \$1.62 \$1.86 \$2.18 \$2.33 \$2.47 \$2.27 \$1.93
2009 \$1.67 \$1.67 \$1.62 \$1.62 \$1.70 \$1.81 \$1.72 \$1.72 \$1.69 \$1.94 \$2.14 \$2.15 \$1.79
2008 \$2.29 \$2.31 \$2.46 \$2.59 \$2.73 \$2.72 \$2.90 \$2.75 \$2.68 \$2.51 \$2.10 \$1.61 \$2.47
2007 \$2.26 \$2.12 \$2.31 \$2.37 \$2.46 \$2.43 \$2.51 \$2.43 \$1.93 \$1.79 \$2.08 \$2.24 \$2.24
2006 \$2.13 \$2.52 \$2.42 \$2.45 \$3.04 \$3.58 \$3.14 \$2.72 \$2.33 \$1.89 \$2.25 \$2.43 \$2.58
2005 \$1.72 \$1.56 \$1.31 \$1.20 \$1.20 \$1.42 \$1.78 \$2.07 \$2.74 \$2.47 \$2.09 \$1.99 \$1.80
2004 \$1.40 \$1.37 \$1.69 \$1.80 \$1.73 \$1.86 \$1.68 \$1.58 \$1.56 \$1.87 \$1.97 \$1.80 \$1.69
2003 \$1.15 \$1.30 \$1.44 \$1.25 \$1.12 \$1.27 \$1.28 \$1.27 \$1.38 \$1.38 \$1.65 \$1.72 \$1.35
2002 \$0.94 \$0.94 \$1.12 \$1.05 \$0.95 \$1.03 \$1.16 \$1.35 \$1.28 \$1.20 \$1.25 \$1.21 \$1.12
2001 \$1.77 \$1.70 \$1.51 \$1.46 \$1.76 \$1.63 \$1.41 \$1.49 \$1.53 \$1.36 \$1.14 \$0.97 \$1.48
2000 \$1.10 \$1.14 \$1.14 \$1.19 \$1.25 \$1.35 \$1.33 \$1.33 \$1.48 \$1.49 \$1.66 \$1.72 \$1.35
1999 \$0.94 \$0.95 \$1.01 \$0.96 \$0.95 \$0.90 \$0.95 \$0.95 \$0.96 \$0.98 \$1.09 \$1.13 \$0.98
1998 \$1.16 \$1.14 \$1.04 \$0.96 \$0.95 \$1.01 \$1.06 \$1.10 \$1.12 \$1.10 \$1.06 \$0.94 \$1.05
1997 \$1.13 \$1.13 \$1.13 \$1.14 \$1.16 \$1.08 \$1.09 \$1.15 \$1.19 \$1.19 \$1.19 \$1.18 \$1.15
1996 \$1.22 \$1.23 \$1.23 \$1.30 \$1.37 \$1.38 \$1.40 \$1.54 \$1.56 \$1.51 \$1.30 \$1.16 \$1.35
1995 \$1.25 \$1.27 \$1.19 \$1.16 \$1.12 \$1.08 \$1.08 \$1.10 \$1.11 \$1.11 \$1.12 \$1.16 \$1.15
1994 \$1.13 \$1.16 \$1.13 \$1.12 \$1.12 \$1.19 \$1.25 \$1.32 \$1.26 \$1.21 \$1.22 \$1.18 \$1.19
1993 \$1.14 \$1.23 \$1.20 \$1.21 \$1.19 \$1.14 \$1.09 \$1.12 \$1.12 \$1.16 \$1.11 \$1.16 \$1.16
1992 \$1.22 \$1.24 \$1.29 \$1.32 \$1.37 \$1.41 \$1.35 \$1.36 \$1.41 \$1.38 \$1.33 \$1.26 \$1.33
1991 \$1.30 \$1.23 \$1.25 \$1.28 \$1.33 \$1.27 \$1.24 \$1.28 \$1.21 \$1.24 \$1.33 \$1.28 \$1.27
1990 \$1.26 \$1.23 \$1.21 \$1.26 \$1.29 \$1.29 \$1.26 \$1.52 \$1.56 \$1.55 \$1.50 \$1.30 \$1.35
1989 \$1.15 \$1.13 \$1.23 \$1.40 \$1.38 \$1.36 \$1.31 \$1.17 \$1.25 \$1.24 \$1.09 \$1.05 \$1.23
1988 \$1.05 \$1.08 \$1.09 \$1.14 \$1.14 \$1.14 \$1.23 \$1.17 \$1.13 \$1.16 \$1.15 \$1.13 \$1.13
1987 \$0.89 \$1.01 \$1.13 \$1.17 \$1.36 \$1.40 \$1.43 \$1.43 \$1.28 \$1.20 \$1.12 \$1.04 \$1.21
1986 \$1.52 \$1.35 \$1.27 \$1.22 \$1.14 \$1.04 \$0.95 \$1.05 \$0.96 \$0.84 \$0.77 \$0.75 \$1.07
1985 \$1.57 \$1.58 \$1.57 \$1.68 \$1.62 \$1.62 \$1.61 \$1.58 \$1.59 \$1.60 \$1.60 \$1.55 \$1.60
1984 \$1.54 \$1.54 \$1.54 \$1.54 \$1.54 \$1.54 \$1.54 \$1.54 \$1.58 \$1.58 \$1.56 \$1.57 \$1.55
1983 \$1.69 \$1.68 \$1.64 \$1.70 \$1.70 \$1.70 \$1.70 \$1.73 \$1.80 \$1.65 \$1.65 \$1.54 \$1.68
1982 \$1.75 \$1.70 \$1.66 \$1.70 \$1.70 \$1.70 \$1.70 \$1.70 \$1.70 \$1.69 \$1.72 \$1.75 \$1.71

## Unleaded Gasoline (87 Octane) Average Rack PricesF.O.B. Omaha, Nebraska, 1982 – 2019 Table 2 of 3

### (Price per Gallon)

Fuel/Type
Year
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Annual
Average
Fuel/Type
Year
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Annual
Average
2019 \$1.51 \$1.72 \$2.04 \$2.25 \$2.20 \$1.93 \$2.11 \$1.91 \$1.99 \$1.91 \$1.89 \$1.82 \$1.94
2018 \$2.08 \$2.05 \$2.06 \$2.16 \$2.31 \$2.21 2.26 \$2.25 \$2.31 \$2.22 \$1.83 \$1.54 \$2.11
2017 \$1.76 \$1.74 \$1.76 \$1.82 \$1.75 \$1.64 \$1.71 \$1.82 \$1.95 \$1.95 \$1.99 \$1.84 \$1.81
2016 \$1.15 \$1.02 \$1.46 \$1.57 \$1.74 \$1.82 \$1.60 \$1.73 \$1.75 \$1.71 \$1.55 \$1.67 \$1.56
2015 \$1.43 \$1.76 \$1.93 \$1.89 \$2.08 \$2.28 \$2.28 \$2.19 \$1.86 \$1.91 \$1.52 \$1.38 \$1.88
2014 \$2.74 \$2.82 \$2.95 \$2.94 \$2.88 \$2.97 \$2.79 \$2.75 \$2.68 \$2.46 \$2.22 \$1.73 \$2.66
2013 \$2.65 \$3.14 \$3.05 \$2.89 \$3.23 \$2.90 \$2.99 \$3.02 \$2.92 \$2.79 \$2.61 \$2.59 \$2.90
2012 \$2.69 \$2.98 \$3.27 \$3.16 \$2.95 \$2.84 \$2.87 \$3.11 \$3.31 \$2.93 \$2.69 \$2.59 \$2.95
2011 \$2.56 \$2.66 \$2.99 \$3.27 \$3.27 \$2.97 \$3.09 \$2.97 \$2.90 \$2.83 \$2.69 \$2.60 \$2.90
2010 \$2.11 \$2.03 \$2.24 \$2.31 \$2.15 \$2.11 \$2.12 \$2.09 \$2.11 \$2.19 \$2.21 \$2.41 \$2.17
2009 \$1.26 \$1.28 \$1.40 \$1.43 \$1.76 \$2.03 \$1.99 \$2.00 \$1.85 \$1.99 \$2.06 \$2.01 \$1.76
2008 \$2.43 \$2.53 \$2.67 \$2.89 \$3.22 \$3.37 \$3.30 \$3.10 \$2.94 \$2.02 \$1.33 \$1.07 \$2.57
2007 \$1.49 \$1.74 \$2.02 \$2.25 \$2.66 \$2.41 \$2.49 \$2.33 \$2.30 \$2.24 \$2.52 \$2.35 \$2.23
2006 \$1.75 \$1.67 \$1.92 \$2.22 \$2.18 \$2.22 \$2.39 \$2.31 \$1.70 \$1.62 \$1.65 \$1.69 \$1.94
2005 \$1.31 \$1.37 \$1.60 \$1.64 \$1.51 \$1.60 \$1.66 \$2.00 \$2.20 \$1.82 \$1.55 \$1.63 \$1.66
2004 \$1.04 \$1.10 \$1.17 \$1.23 \$1.45 \$1.27 \$1.32 \$1.27 \$1.30 \$1.42 \$1.32 \$1.17 \$1.25
2003 \$0.92 \$1.11 \$1.07 \$0.95 \$0.96 \$0.94 \$0.98 \$1.10 \$0.96 \$0.98 \$0.89 \$0.91 \$0.98
2002 \$0.59 \$0.61 \$0.81 \$0.86 \$0.83 \$0.82 \$0.88 \$0.85 \$0.88 \$0.96 \$0.80 \$0.85 \$0.81
2001 \$0.93 \$0.91 \$0.86 \$1.08 \$1.24 \$0.85 \$0.78 \$1.01 \$1.01 \$0.70 \$0.60 \$0.56 \$0.88
2000 \$0.81 \$0.86 \$0.91 \$0.98 \$0.99 \$1.09 \$0.87 \$0.91 \$1.02 \$0.98 \$0.94 \$0.80 \$0.93
1999 \$0.37 \$0.36 \$0.57 \$0.57 \$0.52 \$0.55 \$0.64 \$0.63 \$0.71 \$0.66 \$0.75 \$0.74 \$0.59
1998 \$0.54 \$0.47 \$0.40 \$0.47 \$0.47 \$0.43 \$0.41 \$0.38 \$0.39 \$0.43 \$0.37 \$0.41 \$0.43
1997 \$0.63 \$0.59 \$0.59 \$0.56 \$0.54 \$0.52 \$0.54 \$0.52 \$0.53 \$0.52 \$0.54 \$0.54 \$0.55
1996 \$0.66 \$0.67 \$0.74 \$0.82 \$0.78 \$0.71 \$0.69 \$0.69 \$0.60 \$0.64 \$0.67 \$0.65 \$0.69
1995 \$0.53 \$0.56 \$0.57 \$0.63 \$0.67 \$0.61 \$0.56 \$0.57 \$0.58 \$0.58 \$0.61 \$0.63 \$0.59
1994 \$0.46 \$0.51 \$0.52 \$0.55 \$0.56 \$0.59 \$0.63 \$0.68 \$0.59 \$0.52 \$0.56 \$0.50 \$0.56
1993 \$0.58 \$0.59 \$0.66 \$0.65 \$0.66 \$0.62 \$0.57 \$0.58 \$0.58 \$0.61 \$0.56 \$0.46 \$0.59
1992 \$0.54 \$0.57 \$0.61 \$0.64 \$0.69 \$0.70 \$0.66 \$0.65 \$0.68 \$0.67 \$0.62 \$0.59 \$0.64
1991 \$0.77 \$0.67 \$0.67 \$0.73 \$0.74 \$0.68 \$0.68 \$0.73 \$0.64 \$0.64 \$0.70 \$0.59 \$0.69
1990 \$0.65 \$0.63 \$0.62 \$0.67 \$0.69 \$0.67 \$0.62 \$0.85 \$0.94 \$0.95 \$0.91 \$0.76 \$0.75
1989 \$0.54 \$0.52 \$0.56 \$0.63 \$0.64 \$0.71 \$0.71 \$0.56 \$0.66 \$0.63 \$0.58 \$0.55 \$0.61
1988 \$0.48 \$0.50 \$0.50 \$0.57 \$0.57 \$0.55 \$0.60 \$0.59 \$0.54 \$0.51 \$0.54 \$0.53 \$0.54
1987 \$0.54 \$0.52 \$0.54 \$0.56 \$0.59 \$0.61 \$0.64 \$0.63 \$0.57 \$0.58 \$0.58 \$0.49 \$0.57
1986 \$0.74 \$0.60 \$0.46 \$0.50 \$0.58 \$0.54 \$0.42 \$0.47 \$0.48 \$0.45 \$0.47 \$0.46 \$0.51
1985 \$0.74 \$0.73 \$0.80 \$0.88 \$0.92 \$0.93 \$0.93 \$0.91 \$0.82 \$0.82 \$0.86 \$0.82 \$0.85
1984 \$0.84 \$0.86 \$0.87 \$0.88 \$0.88 \$0.87 \$0.84 \$0.84 \$0.84 \$0.85 \$0.84 \$0.74 \$0.85
1983 \$0.92 \$0.88 \$0.86 \$0.90 \$0.94 \$0.95 \$0.95 \$0.95 \$0.93 \$0.91 \$0.89 \$0.87 \$0.91
1982 \$1.04 \$1.01 \$0.95 \$0.90 \$0.94 \$1.05 \$1.06 \$1.05 \$1.03 \$1.02 \$0.99 \$0.96 \$1.00

## Unleaded Gasoline (84 Octane) Average Rack PricesF.O.B. Omaha, Nebraska, 2015 – 2019 Table 3 of 3

### (Price per Gallon)

Fuel/Type
Year
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Annual
Average
Fuel/Type
Year
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Annual
Average
2019 \$1.40 \$1.61 \$1.91 \$2.09 \$2.05 \$1.78 \$1.90 \$1.73 \$1.78 \$1.76 \$1.75 \$1.71 \$1.79
2018 \$1.95 \$1.92 \$1.93 \$2.03 \$2.19 \$2.10 \$2.14 \$2.12 \$2.20 \$2.10 \$1.68 \$1.44 \$1.98
2017 \$1.67 \$1.64 \$1.60 \$1.66 \$1.59 \$1.49 \$1.58 \$1.69 \$1.81 \$1.80 \$1.87 \$1.75 \$1.68
2016 \$1.05 \$0.95 \$1.33 \$1.38 \$1.54 \$1.57 \$1.43 \$1.55 \$1.50 \$1.51 \$1.36 \$1.59 \$1.40
2015 \$1.32 \$1.69 \$1.82 \$1.78 \$1.97 \$2.03 \$1.97 \$1.77 \$1.57 \$1.63 \$1.38 \$1.25 \$1.68